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PBG Waveguide Modes
Tools used: BandSOLVE, MOSTThe purpose of this tutorial is to give a general guide to calculating projected band structures of PBG structures and defect modes. In particular, we show how to scan over the k-vector in the plane of the photonic crystal. The examples in this tutorial are based on the analysis in Ref  by Mekis et al.
Creating the StructureThis example consists of a 2D cubic array of dielectric GaAs circles with refractive index of 3.4 in the XZ plane in a background material of air. The radii of the circles will be 18% of the period. A line defect is created in this lattice to form the waveguide along which modes can propagate.
Simulation ResultsThe simulation results for this structure are:
This result shows the projected band structure for the defect mode in this waveguide, and is the result of a scanning over the k-vector along the propagation direction.
References: Attila Mekis, Shanhui Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Bound states in photonic crystal waveguides and waveguide bends, Phys. Rev. B 58, 4809 (1998).